Catholicism maintains that the pope is infallible, incapable of error, when he teaches a doctrine on faith or morals to the universal Church in his unique office as supreme head. When the pope asserts his official authority in matters of faith and morals to the whole church, the Holy Spirit guards him from error.
Is the Catholic Church infallible?
Catholic Church. Catholicism teaches that Jesus Christ, “the Word made Flesh” (John 1:14), is the source of divine revelation and, as the Truth, he is infallible. … Catholic theology divides the functions of the teaching office into two categories: the infallible sacred magisterium and the fallible ordinary magisterium.
When according to Roman Catholicism is the Pope infallible?
The First Vatican Council in 1869-70, in its Pastor Aeternus decree, declared that the pope was infallible when he spoke “ex Cathedra” – or from the papal throne – on matters of faith and morals.
Do Catholics believe that only the pope can talk to God?
No. The Pope does not hear or speak to god. No Pope has ever claimed that and it certainly isn’t canonical.
How many times has papal infallibility been invoked?
Only one pope—and only one papal decree—has ever invoked this kind of infallibility since it was first defined. In 1950, Pius XII declared the Assumption of Mary (i.e., the quick passage of her body and soul into heaven) as a dogma of the church.
Can a Catholic disagree with the Pope?
A few present-day Catholics, such as Hans Küng, author of Infallible? An Inquiry, and historian Garry Wills, author of Papal Sin, refuse to accept papal infallibility as a matter of faith. Küng has been sanctioned by the Church by being excluded from teaching Catholic theology.
What are the four dogmas of the Catholic Church?
The four dogmas of Mother of God, Immaculate Conception, perpetual virginity, and Assumption form the basis of Mariology.
Which Catholic group does not recognize the Pope?
Sedevacantism is the position held by some traditional Catholics that the present occupier of the Holy See is not a valid pope due to the mainstream church’s alleged espousal of modernism and that, for lack of a valid pope, the See has been vacant since the death of Pope Pius XII in 1958, the death of Pope John XXIII …
Is the Pope equal to God?
Papal supremacy is the doctrine of the Catholic Church that the Pope, by reason of his office as Vicar of Christ, the visible source and foundation of the unity both of the bishops and of the whole company of the faithful, and as pastor of the entire Catholic Church, has full, supreme, and universal power over the …
Who is the first pope in the Bible?
Peter was one of the 12 Apostles of Jesus. Roman Catholic tradition holds that Jesus established St. Peter as the first pope (Matthew 16:18).
Does the Pope have a direct line to God?
No, there’s no direct line to God. Infallibility is really a limiting charism. It means the Holy Spirit won’t allow the Pope to preach as dogmatically true something which is actually false. But that says nothing as to whether any Pope will actually proclaim something as dogmatically true (few do).
Is the pope without sin?
So according to Catholicism, an immoral pope (you’ll find several in Church history) can sin like any man and will answer to God for his evil deeds. However, as supreme head of the Church, the pope retains his infallibility on matters of faith and morals as long as he remains pope.
Has a pope ever been removed?
A papal renunciation (Latin: renuntiatio) occurs when the reigning pope of the Catholic Church voluntarily steps down from his position. The most recent pope to resign was Benedict XVI, who vacated the Holy See on 28 February 2013. … He was the first pope to do so since Gregory XII in 1415.
Did Lutheranism reject the authority of the Pope?
Unlike Roman Catholicism, Lutheran pastors and bishops are allowed to marry, do not pray for intercession with the saints (including Mary), reject penance as a sacrament, reject the authority (and infallibility) of the Pope or Magisterium, and more.
Is Purgatory a dogma of the Catholic Church?
Catholicism. … Though in popular imagination purgatory is pictured as a place rather than a process of purification, the idea of purgatory as a physical place with time is not part of the Church’s doctrine.
Why do Catholics worship Mary?
Roman Catholic views of the Virgin Mary as refuge and advocate of sinners, protector from dangers and powerful intercessor with her Son, Jesus are expressed in prayers, artistic depictions, theology, and popular and devotional writings, as well as in the use of religious articles and images.