|Died||30 September 420 (aged approximately 73–78) Bethlehem, Palaestina Prima Theology career|
|Education||Catechetical School of Alexandria|
When did Jerome translate the Bible?
In 382 Pope Damasus commissioned Jerome, the leading biblical scholar of his day, to produce an acceptable Latin version of the Bible from the various translations then being used. His revised Latin translation of the Gospels appeared about 383.
What does Jerome mean in Hebrew?
A biblical name, it is derived from the words ‘hieros’ meaning sacred, holy ; ‘onoma’ name. Older forms of Jerome include Hieronymos (Old Greek) and Hieronymus (Latin).
What is the larger significance of Jerome’s translation of the Bible?
Jerome as he would later be called, was responsible for the most famous and successfully used version of the Latin translation of the Bible. Renowned for his intellect and translation skill he became a pioneer of biblical translation and one of the most talented biblical scholars of his time.
Why does St Jerome have a skull?
The various objects placed in proximity to Jerome were common symbols, each with recognizable significance. The skull represents the seat of thought, and also symbolized spiritual perfection. Death of the physical body (symbolized by the skull) enabled one to be reborn at a higher level at which the spirit could rule.
What is the spiritual meaning of Jerome?
The male name Jerome is a biblical name with its origins in Old Greek, the meaning ‘sacred name’ implies the one who bears a holy name. Jerome comes from the biblical word ‘hieros’ which means holy or sacred and also ‘onoma’ which means name.
What was the greatest contribution of Saint Jerome to the world?
After 379 St. Jerome was ordained a priest and began his life as a biblical scholar. He helped with the establishment of a papal library in Rome and began a revised version of the Psalms and New Testament which began a 20-year project that resulted in the standard Latin text for the Bible.
What nationality is Jerome?
Jerome (given name)
What does the name Jeremy mean?
Jeremiah, Jérémie, Jérémy. Jeremy is an English language masculine given name and a variant of the name Jeremiah in anglicized and diminutive form. As the English vernacular form, the name “Jeremy” has been translated to mean “the Lord loosens,” or “God will uplift,” which dates to the 13th century.
Is Jerome French?
French (Jérôme) and English: from the medieval personal name Jérôme (French), Jerome (English), from Greek Hieronymos (see Hieronymus). This achieved some popularity in France and elsewhere, being bestowed in honor of St Jerome (? 347–420), creator of the Vulgate, the standard Latin version of the Bible.
Why is St Jerome important to the church?
His numerous biblical, ascetical, monastic, and theological works profoundly influenced the early Middle Ages. He is known particularly for his Latin translation of the Bible, the Vulgate, and is considered a doctor of the church.
What is the difference between the Septuagint and the Vulgate?
The Septuagint is the Greek translation of the Old Testament in common usage among non-Hebrew-speaking Jews around Jesus’s time. It is widely quoted in the New Testament. The Vulgate is the Latin translation of the Old and New Testaments made by St. Jerome in the 4th century.
Did Jerome accept the Apocrypha?
Jerome in Prologus Galeatus declared that all books outside the Hebrew canon were apocryphal. In practice, Jerome treated some books outside the Hebrew canon as if they were canonical, and the Western Church did not accept Jerome’s definition of apocrypha, instead retaining the word’s prior meaning.
Why is St Jerome with a lion?
In the legend St. Jerome is said to be giving a lecture to his students in Bethlehem when a limping lion came to him. While the others fled, the saint welcomed the lion. He examined the injured foot and extracted the thorn he found there.
What does the lion mean in St Jerome?
A lion is the common attribute of Saint Jerome. Saint Jerome is reputed to have removed a thorn from a lion’s paw while living as a hermit in the desert. Saint Jerome was a biblical scholar who made the first translation of the Bible in Latin.
Was Saint Jerome a cardinal?
Saint Jerome is depicted as a cardinal and Doctor of the Church. He can be identified by his cardinal’s hat, the red colour of his garments and the open book on the desk that refers to his labours. … The story of Saint Jerome and the lion was promoted through The Golden Legend.