In church architecture, the chancel is the space around the altar, including the choir and the sanctuary (sometimes called the presbytery), at the liturgical east end of a traditional Christian church building. It may terminate in an apse.
What is the area outside a church called?
A church porch is a room-like structure at a church’s main entrance. A porch protects from the weather to some extent. Some porches have an outer door, others a simple gate, and in some cases the outer opening is not closed in any way.
What are the sides of a church called?
The nave is that part of a church set apart for the laity, as distinguished from the chancel, choir, and presbytery, which are reserved for the choir and clergy. The separation of the two areas may be effected by screens or parapets, called cancelli.
What are the outside features of a church?
the altar – a table where the bread and wine are blessed during the Eucharist. the lectern – a stand where the Bible is read from. the pulpit – where the priest delivers sermons. a crucifix – a cross with Jesus on.
What is a church facade?
Facade. The significant front of the church usually on the west front but can be on the side as well. More images… Flèche. A spire or a lead-covered timber spire that are placed on the ridges of church or cathedral roofs and are usually relatively small.
What is the back of a Catholic church called?
In the Catholic Church, the altar is the structure upon which the Eucharist is celebrated. The altar, centrally located in the sanctuary, is to be the focus of attention in the church.
What are the seats in a church called?
A pew (/ˈpjuː/) is a long bench seat or enclosed box, used for seating members of a congregation or choir in a church, synagogue or sometimes a courtroom.
What’s the main area of a church called?
The nave is the main part of the church where the congregation (the people who come to worship) sit. The aisles are the sides of the church which may run along the side of the nave. The transept, if there is one, is an area which crosses the nave near the top of the church.
What is the room where Mass is held called?
For the most part, it is occupied by the priest and those participating in Mass, but it is often used by the congregation to pray or to take communion. The word “sanctuary” means a sacred place and is often used as a word for the holiest places of worship, even within a house of worship itself.
What are the three elements of church?
A local Christian church is made up of 7 key elements:
- Mission Minded Focus.
- Communion and Fellowship.
Why is a church shaped like a cross?
Shape: they are most often built in a cruciform shape (cross shaped) Probably a fairly obvious reasoning behind this feature – the cross of course represents the cross in Christian teachings on which Jesus died for our sins.
Are churches shaped like crosses?
Traditionally, Roman Catholic churches were built in the shape of a cross – cruciform – or a rectangle. However, many of the newer ones are circular. This is to stress the equality of all people as they worship in God’s house.
What is the tall part of a church called?
In architecture, a steeple is a tall tower on a building, topped by a spire and often incorporating a belfry and other components. Steeples are very common on Christian churches and cathedrals and the use of the term generally connotes a religious structure.
What is the cross at the top of a church called?
The bay at which the transept intersects the main body of the church is called the crossing. The transept itself is sometimes simply called the cross. The nave of a church with a cruciform plan usually extends toward the west from the crossing, the choir and sanctuary toward the east.
Why are churches so tall?
Firstly, climate wise, since church is a congregation space where a lot of people gather to pray, ceilings were designed so high to meet the scale of the same. The hot air rises up and it thus creates pleasant micro environment for the people.