What are the two main differences between the Eastern and Roman churches quizlet?

One difference between the two is language. The Eastern Orthodox Church spoke Greek, while the Roman Catholic Church spoke Latin. In the Orthodox church, you could get married if you wished to. In the Catholic church, the priest could not.

What is the major difference between the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches?

The Catholic Church believes the pope to be infallible in matters of doctrine. Orthodox believers reject the infallibility of the pope and consider their own patriarchs, too, as human and thus subject to error. In this way, they are similar to Protestants, who also reject any notion of papal primacy.

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What were the differences between the Roman Catholic Church in the West and the Eastern Orthodox Church in the East?

The Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church have been in a state of official schism from one another since the East–West Schism of 1054. … The main theological differences with the Catholic Church are the papal primacy and the filioque clause.

How did the Eastern Orthodox Church differ from the Roman Catholic Church quizlet?

How did Eastern Orthodox Christianity differ from Roman Catholicism? Unlike Western Europe, where the Catholic Church maintained some degree of independence from political authorities, in Byzantium the emperor assumed something of the role of both “Caesar,” as head of state, and the pope, as head of the Church.

Which of the following was a key theological difference between Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholicism quizlet?

Which of the following was a key theological difference between Greek Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism? Greek Orthodoxy held that Jesus did not become mortal to atone for humanity’s sins, but instead to facilitate the transformation of humans into divine beings.

What are two differences between the Eastern and Roman churches?

One difference between the two is language. The Eastern Orthodox Church spoke Greek, while the Roman Catholic Church spoke Latin. … Roman Catholic Church: Run by the pope, rituals and teaching were in Latin, priests could not marry, their capital city was Rome and they celebrate Christmas.

Does the Orthodox Church pray to Mary?

According to practitioners, devotion to the Virgin Mary does not amount to worship, which is reserved for God. Both the Catholic and Orthodox traditions view Mary as subordinate to Christ, but uniquely so, in that she is seen as above all other creatures.

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Is Orthodox older than Catholic?

The two were once one so originally there was no separation, and originally it was just the “Christian Church.” The Orthodox church is considered the original church now because they follow more of the old traditions than Roman Catholics do; more changes happened in the Catholic church after the east west schism than …

Why did the Orthodox Church split from the Catholic Church?

The Great Schism came about due to a complex mix of religious disagreements and political conflicts. One of the many religious disagreements between the western (Roman) and eastern (Byzantine) branches of the church had to do with whether or not it was acceptable to use unleavened bread for the sacrament of communion.

What were the main differences and similarities between Orthodox and Catholic Christianity?

Both believe in the recorded text of the Bible as being authoritative and from God. The Roman Catholic Church accepts books that the Greek Orthodox regard as secondary sources of truth.

What characteristic was shared by Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox Christians alike?

Which of these characteristics was shared by Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox Christians alike? They both believe in Jesus and that he died for their sins. Large estates that met all of the needs of those living on the estate. Farmers gave service to powerful landowners in exchange for their protection.

Which items did the Roman Catholic Church and the Greek Orthodox Church disagree?

For example, the Roman Catholic Church does not believe in a divorce, while the Greek Church, believes that divorce and re-marriage is possible. The Greek Orthodox Church also does not believe in the ‘Catholic’ concepts of original sin and immaculate conception.

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What language is Eastern Orthodox?

Koine Greek and Church Slavonic are the main sacred languages used in the Churches of the Eastern Orthodox communion. However, the Eastern Orthodox Church permits other languages to be used for liturgical worship, and each country often has the liturgical services in their own language.

What is the difference between the Eastern and Western churches?

While worshiping, the Western Church promotes kneeling position in prayer while Eastern Orthodox places of worship have normally standing followers. Unleavened bread (made without yeast) is utilized as a part of Roman church customs, while the Orthodox Church utilizes leavened bread.

What was the most important issue dividing the two churches?

Because of political conflicts and differences in belief, the western and eastern parts of the Christian Church split apart in 1054. The western church became the Roman Catholic Church, and the eastern church became the Eastern Orthodox Church.

What is the difference in leadership between the Eastern and Western churches?

The major difference between the Eastern and Western churches led to their schism was the inclusion of Pope as the religious head of Christianity. Western churches believed in the authority of a religious leader called Pope who will issue orders. Eastern churches functioned without Pope and a group took decisions.

Catholic Church