The narthex is an architectural element typical of early Christian and Byzantine basilicas and churches consisting of the entrance or lobby area, located at the west end of the nave, opposite the church’s main altar.
What are the different areas of a church called?
The names for the parts of the church are in red after each number.
- Façade towers.
What is the difference between a narthex and vestibule?
As nouns the difference between vestibule and narthex
is that vestibule is (architecture) a passage, hall or room, such as a lobby, between the outer door and the interior of a building while narthex is (architecture) a western vestibule leading to the nave in some (especially orthodox) christian churches.
What is a Catholic church building called?
A cathedral is a church, usually Catholic, Anglican, Oriental Orthodox or Eastern Orthodox, housing the seat of a bishop. The word cathedral takes its name from cathedra, or Bishop’s Throne (In Latin: ecclesia cathedralis).
What is the side door of a church called?
A doorway would often be inserted in the “heathen” north side of the church to allow them to enter and worship on the site. Because of the association of that side with the Devil, the name “Devil’s door” became established.
What are the main parts of a church plan?
The plan generally included a nave (q.v.), or hall, with a flat timber roof, in which the crowd gathered; one or two side aisles flanking the nave and separated from it by a row of regularly spaced columns; a narthex (q.v.), or entrance vestibule at the west end, which was reserved for penitents and unbaptized …
What are the main features of a church?
Features of churches
- the altar – a table where the bread and wine are blessed during the Eucharist.
- the lectern – a stand where the Bible is read from.
- the pulpit – where the priest delivers sermons.
- a crucifix – a cross with Jesus on.
Why is it called a narthex?
The word comes from narthex (Medieval Latin from Classical Greek narthex νάρθηξ “giant fennel, scourge”) and was the place for penitents. … In English the narthex is now the porch outside the church at the west end, formerly it was a part of the church itself.
Where is the vestibule of a church?
vestibule Add to list Share. A vestibule is a little area just inside the main door of a building, but before a second door. You often find vestibules in churches, because they help keep heat from escaping every time someone enters or exits.
What is the rear of a church called?
In church architecture, the chancel is the space around the altar, including the choir and the sanctuary (sometimes called the presbytery), at the liturgical east end of a traditional Christian church building. It may terminate in an apse.
What are the 3 types of churches?
Churches Militant, Penitent, and Triumphant.
What do you call a Catholic priest’s house?
presbytery. noun. the house where a Roman Catholic priest lives.
What’s the difference between a church and a chapel?
A church is any place of worship that has a permanent congregation and is run by a pastor or priest. … Unlike a church, a chapel is a place of worship that has no pastor or priest and no permanent congregation; it’s all about the physical space.
What is the ceiling of a church called?
In architecture, a vault (French voûte, from Italian volta) is a self-supporting arched form, usually of stone or brick, serving to cover a space with a ceiling or roof.
Why do churches have two front doors?
Its north facade is dominated by two main entrance doors. The two doors were originally separate entrances for men and women, who sat separately during worship; this type of segregation by gender was typical for Primitive Baptist churches in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
What is the room where Mass is held called?
For the most part, it is occupied by the priest and those participating in Mass, but it is often used by the congregation to pray or to take communion. The word “sanctuary” means a sacred place and is often used as a word for the holiest places of worship, even within a house of worship itself.