The three major orders in the Orthodoxy are: Bishops, Presbyters and Deacons. The two minor orders are: Subdeacon and Reader. Initially there were other sub orders like the exorcists, doorkeepers and acolytes but are not applicable any more.
What is the structure of the Orthodox Church?
The basic structure for the Orthodox church is defined by the New Testament writings; the canons (regulations and decrees) of the first seven ecumenical councils; the canons of several local or provincial councils, whose authority was recognized by the whole church; the so-called Apostolic Canons (actually some …
Who is the head of the Orthodox Church?
The nominal head of the Eastern Orthodox Churches is the Patriarch of Constantinople. However, he is only first among equals and has no real authority over Churches other than his own. There are 15 ‘autocephalous Churches’, listed in order of precedence.
Is Greek Orthodox a hierarchical religion?
The Greek Orthodox Church is a part of the spiritual union of the fifteen separate hierarchical churches which are recognized as the Orthodox Christian Churches. There is no single head here unlike the Pope of the Roman Catholic Church.
What are the branches of the Orthodox Church?
Major branches or families of Eastern Christianity, each of which has a distinct theology and dogma, include the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox communion, the Eastern Catholic Churches and the Assyrian Church of the East.
What is the highest position in the Orthodox Church?
Each constituent church is self-governing; its highest-ranking bishop (a patriarch, a metropolitan or an archbishop) reports to no higher earthly authority. Each regional church is composed of constituent eparchies (or dioceses) ruled by bishops.
What do you call an Orthodox bishop?
Presbyter is, in the Bible, a synonym for bishop (episkopos), referring to a leader in local Church congregations. In modern Eastern Orthodox usage, it is distinct from bishop and synonymous with priest. Its literal meaning in Greek (presbyteros) is “elder.”
Which is older Catholic or Orthodox?
The Orthodox Church is older. At one time, but Churches recognized a conciliar form of government in which the democratic vote of the bishops determined orthodox status. In each Church Council, the winners went on to claim the title of Orthodox/Catholic, and the losers split off and formed their own new denomination.
Is Orthodox different from Catholic?
The Catholic Church believes the pope to be infallible in matters of doctrine. Orthodox believers reject the infallibility of the pope and consider their own patriarchs, too, as human and thus subject to error. In this way, they are similar to Protestants, who also reject any notion of papal primacy.
How is Orthodox different from Christianity?
Orthodox and Protestants reject Papal infallibility and Papal supremacy. Orthodox Christians are not under the authority of the Pope. They are under the authority of various Patriarchs. … Encouraged in the Catholic & Orthodox Churches; most Protestants only pray directly to God.
What religion is Greek Orthodox closest to?
Thus, in the early 21st century, generally only those churches that are most closely tied to Greek or Byzantine culture are called “Greek Orthodox”.
|Greek Orthodox Church|
|Classification||Eastern Orthodox Church|
|Scripture||Septuagint, New Testament|
|Theology||Eastern Orthodox theology|
Do you have to be Greek to be Greek Orthodox?
There is no such thing as Greek Orthodox. There is the Eastern Orthodox Church, that accepts people regardless of origin, ethnicity, race, nationality, language and sex.
Can Orthodox priests marry?
Under Orthodox rules, a celibate priest cannot marry after ordination, and a non-celibate priest cannot remarry and remain a priest, even if his wife dies, he said. Widowers who remain celibate can become bishops, but that’s happened just once.
What Bible is used in the Orthodox Church?
The Orthodox Study Bible uses the New King James Version of the Bible as the basis for a fresh translation of the Septuagint text. The Septuagint is the Greek version of the Bible used by Christ, the Apostles, and the early church.
What is the meaning of Orthodox?
1a : conforming to established doctrine especially in religion orthodox principles the orthodox interpretation. b : conventional took an orthodox approach to the problem orthodox medicine. 2 capitalized : of, relating to, or constituting any of various conservative religious or political groups: such as.
Why did the Orthodox Church split from the Catholic Church?
The Great Schism came about due to a complex mix of religious disagreements and political conflicts. One of the many religious disagreements between the western (Roman) and eastern (Byzantine) branches of the church had to do with whether or not it was acceptable to use unleavened bread for the sacrament of communion.