Early Christian notions of the person and sacrificial role of Jesus in human salvation were further elaborated by the Church Fathers, medieval writers and modern scholars in various atonement theories, such as the ransom theory, Christus Victor theory, the recapitulation theory, the satisfaction theory, the penal …
What are the 3 main beliefs of Christianity?
Belief in God the Father, Jesus Christ as the Son of God, and the Holy Spirit. The death, descent into hell, resurrection and ascension of Christ. The holiness of the Church and the communion of saints.
What are the three dimensions of salvation?
One-dimensional salvation is basic, necessary but narrow; two-dimensional salvation is better but still flat; three-dimensional salvation is rich, full, exciting and motivating.
What are the three parts of salvation history?
The principal stages in the history of salvation, as Israel presented them in the OT, are the creation and the fall of man, the primeval history (highlighted by the rescue of Noah from the deluge), the promises of Abraham, his descendants’ exodus from slavery in Egypt, the Mosaic covenant, the history of Israel from …
What are the three atonement theories?
The Atonement raises a number of different interrelated philosophical questions: 1) Why did Christ die on the cross? 2) How does Christ dying make it possible for our sins to be forgiven? 3) If God is omnipotent, why couldn’t God forgive our sins without Christ dying?
Are Jesus and God the same?
In mainstream Christianity, Jesus Christ as God the Son is the second Person of the Holy Trinity, due to his eternal relation to the first Person (God as Father).
What is the oldest religion?
The word Hindu is an exonym, and while Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, many practitioners refer to their religion as Sanātana Dharma (Sanskrit: सनातन धर्म, lit.
What defines salvation?
Salvation, in religion, the deliverance of humankind from such fundamentally negative or disabling conditions as suffering, evil, finitude, and death. … In some religious beliefs it also entails the restoration or raising up of the natural world to a higher realm or state.
What is the theology of salvation?
In religion and theology, salvation is the saving of the soul from sin and its consequences. It may also be called deliverance or redemption from sin and its effects.
What are the dimensions in the Bible?
Are there four dimensions referred to in Ephesians 3:18? This verse mentions breadth, length, height and depth.
What are two types of salvation?
- Original sin – this is inherited from Adam and Eve, the first humans created by God. They broke the perfect relationship between God and humans by disobeying God’s command.
- Personal sin – these are an individual’s sins. They are the consequences of a person’s actions.
How will you define salvation history?
Salvation history (German: Heilsgeschichte) seeks to understand the personal redemptive activity of God within human history in order to effect his eternal saving intentions. … In the context of Christian theology, this approach reads the books of the Bible as a continuous history.
What are the three stages of the Bible?
The development of the Gospels consisted of three stages: the first stage being the period of Jesus’ life, the second stage being the period of Oral Tradition and the third stage being the period of the Evangelists (16). The first stage is the period of Jesus’ life.
What is the Atonement in Christianity?
Atonement, the process by which a person removes obstacles to his reconciliation with God. It is a recurring theme in the history of religion and theology. … Atonement is often attached to sacrifice, both of which often connect ritual cleanness with moral purity and religious acceptability.
How is Jesus a ransom?
It originated in the early Church, particularly in the work of Origen. The theory teaches that the death of Christ was a ransom sacrifice, usually said to have been paid to Satan, in satisfaction for the bondage and debt on the souls of humanity as a result of inherited sin.
What is the scapegoat theory of atonement?
In ancient Greece, human scapegoats (pharmakoi) were used to mitigate a plague or other calamity or even to prevent such ills. … Christianity reflects this notion in its doctrine of justification and in its belief that Jesus Christ was the God-man who died to atone for the sins of all mankind.