What is the transept used for in a church?

transept A rectangular area which cuts across the main axis of a basilica-type building and projects beyond it. The transept gives a basilica the shape of a Latin cross and usually serves to separate the main area of the building from an apse at the end.

What is a transept in a church?

Transept, the area of a cruciform church lying at right angles to the principal axis. The bay at which the transept intersects the main body of the church is called the crossing. The transept itself is sometimes simply called the cross.

Which part of the church is the transept?

In churches, a transept is an area set crosswise to the nave in a cruciform (“cross-shaped”) building within the Romanesque and Gothic Christian church architectural traditions.

What does transept mean?

: the part of a cruciform church that crosses at right angles to the greatest length between the nave and the apse or choir also : either of the projecting ends of a transept.

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What is the nave used for in a church?

The nave is that part of a church set apart for the laity, as distinguished from the chancel, choir, and presbytery, which are reserved for the choir and clergy. The separation of the two areas may be effected by screens or parapets, called cancelli.

What are the different parts of a church?

The names for the parts of the church are in red after each number.

  • Narthex.
  • Façade towers.
  • Nave.
  • Aisles.
  • Transept.
  • Crossing.
  • Altar.
  • Apse.

What is the back of a church called?

In church architecture, the chancel is the space around the altar, including the choir and the sanctuary (sometimes called the presbytery), at the liturgical east end of a traditional Christian church building. It may terminate in an apse.

What is a transept and what does it look like?

transept A rectangular area which cuts across the main axis of a basilica-type building and projects beyond it. The transept gives a basilica the shape of a Latin cross and usually serves to separate the main area of the building from an apse at the end.

What is the middle of a church called?

The nave (/neɪv/) is the central part of a church, stretching from the (normally western) main entrance or rear wall, to the transepts, or in a church without transepts, to the chancel.

What is the east end of a church called?

The east end is where the altar is placed, often within an apse. The façade and main entrance are accordingly at the west end. The opposite arrangement, in which the church is entered from the east and the sanctuary is at the other end, is called occidentation.

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What does tracery mean?

1 : architectural ornamental work with branching lines especially : decorative openwork in a Gothic window. 2 : a decorative interlacing of lines suggestive of Gothic tracery.

What does a transept cross?

transept(Noun) The transversal part of a church, which crosses at right angles to the greatest length, and between the nave and choir. In the basilicas, this had often no projection at its two ends.

What does narthex mean?

1 : the portico of an ancient church. 2 : a vestibule leading to the nave of a church.

What are the main features of a church?

Features of churches

  • the altar – a table where the bread and wine are blessed during the Eucharist.
  • the lectern – a stand where the Bible is read from.
  • the pulpit – where the priest delivers sermons.
  • a crucifix – a cross with Jesus on.

What are the main parts of a church plan?

The plan generally included a nave (q.v.), or hall, with a flat timber roof, in which the crowd gathered; one or two side aisles flanking the nave and separated from it by a row of regularly spaced columns; a narthex (q.v.), or entrance vestibule at the west end, which was reserved for penitents and unbaptized …

What is the chancel area of a church?

Chancel, portion of a church that contains the choir, often at the eastern end. Before modern changes in church practice, only clergy and choir members were permitted in the chancel.

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