Ephod, also spelled Efod, part of the ceremonial dress of the high priest of ancient Israel described in the Old Testament (Ex. … It was not a garment in the ordinary sense, and its association with the sacred lots indicates that the ephod was used for divination.
What was the purpose of the ephod?
In addition to carrying the Urim and Thummim, the ephod served as the foundation garment for the Breastplate of Righteousness, which carried twelve semi-precious stones upon which were engraved the names of the twelve tribes of Israel.
What does ephod in the Bible mean?
1 : a linen apron worn in ancient Hebrew rites especially : a vestment for the high priest. 2 : an ancient Hebrew instrument of priestly divination.
What does ephod mean spiritually?
An ephod (Hebrew: אֵפוֹד ‘êp̄ōḏ; /ˈɛfɒd/ or /ˈiːfɒd/) was an artifact and an object to be revered in ancient Israelite culture, and was closely connected with oracular practices and priestly ritual.
What is the difference between ephod and breastplate?
is that breastplate is a piece of armor that covers the chest while ephod is (biblical|judaism) a priestly apron, or breastplate, described in the bible in [http://enwikisourceorg/wiki/bible_%28world_english%29/exodus#chapter_28 exodus 28: vi – xxx], which only the chief priest of ancient israel was allowed to wear.
Why did David wear an ephod?
Why did David Wear an ephod? David wore an ephod because the word ephod means a breastplate. The High Priest wore a ritual Breatplate that was associated with the service in The Temple. David wore an ephod because he was a warrior and an ephod is worn as armor.
What is the significance of Urim and Thummim?
Considering the scholars’ conclusion that Urim essentially means “guilty” and Thummim essentially means “innocent”, this would imply that the purpose of the Urim and Thummim was an ordeal to confirm or refute suspected guilt; if the Urim was selected it meant guilt, while selection of the Thummim would mean innocence.
What were the stones in the ephod?
The Breastplate (Exodus 28:10-30) – Worn over the Ephod was a square breastplate embroidered with gold. It held twelve precious stones set in gold filigree: sardius (ruby), topaz, carbuncle (garnet), emerald, sapphire, diamond, jacinth, agate, amethyst, beryl, onyx and jasper.
What does the name URIM mean?
In Biblical Names the meaning of the name Urim is: Lights, fires.
What is the meaning of a linen ephod?
Linen ephod – The usual habit of the priests and Levites, in their sacred ministrations yet sometimes worn by others, as it was by the young child Samuel; and so David, who laid by his royal robes, and put on this robe to declare, that although he was king of Israel, yet he willingly owned himself to be the Lord’s …
What does Oil represent in the Bible?
The “oil” is the symbol of preparedness, of spiritual vigilance. In Scripture, oil often represents the Holy Spirit ( Exodus 30:22–33 ; Zechariah 4:2,12 ; Acts 10:38 ; Hebrews 1:9 ; 1 John 2:20,27).
What did the priestly garments look like?
It was a sleeveless, purple-blue or violet (techelet) robe (me’il), woven in a single piece. … The lower hem of the garment was fringed with small golden bells alternating with pomegranate-shaped tassels of blue (turquoise), purple and scarlet wool (Exodus 28:33–34).
What were the stones on the high priest breastplate?
The authorized list is (1) red jasper (sardius), (2) citrine quartz (topaz), (3) emerald, (4) ruby (carbuncle), (5) lapis lazuli (sapphire), (6) rock crystal (diamond), (7) golden sapphire (ligure), (8) blue sapphire (agate), (9) amethyst, (10) yellow jasper (chrysolite), (11) golden beryl (onyx), (12) chrysoprase ( …
What is Aaron’s ephod?
Biblical Aaron Wore a Golden Breastplate Fashioned With 12 Inscribed Gemstones. … According to The Book of Exodus, Aaron bore the responsibility of memorializing upon his two shoulders the names of the 12 tribes before the Lord.
What are the 12 precious stones?
What are the 12 precious stones? It held twelve precious stones set in gold filigree: sardius (ruby), topaz, carbuncle (garnet), emerald, sapphire, diamond, jacinth, agate, amethyst, beryl, onyx and jasper. Each stone was engraved with the name of one of the twelve tribes of Israel.