trefoil: An ornamental form which has three lobes or foils. Compare with cinqfoil, quatrefoil. tympanum (plural, tympana): The basically semicircular area enclosed by the arch above the lintel of an arched entranceway. This area is often decorated with sculpture in the Romanesque and Gothic periods.
Which is the semi-circular area above the door of a church?
The semi-circular space above the doors in a Romanesque portal.
What is the semicircular area above the door lintel of many Romanesque church portals?
In Romanesque architecture, the tympanum constitutes the area between the lintel over a doorway and the arch above. During the 11th and 12th centuries in Europe, tympana over church portals were decorated with intricate and stylized relief sculpture.
What is the name for the semicircular space above the doors on a Romanesque church?
A tympanum (plural, tympana; from Greek and Latin words meaning “drum”) is the semi-circular or triangular decorative wall surface over an entrance, door or window, which is bounded by a lintel and an arch. It often contains sculpture or other imagery or ornaments. Many architectural styles include this element.
Which is a container for holy objects?
A reliquary (also referred to as a shrine, by the French term châsse, and historically including phylacteries) is a container for relics.
What is apse in church?
Apse, in architecture, a semicircular or polygonal termination to the choir, chancel, or aisle of a secular or ecclesiastical building. First used in pre-Christian Roman architecture, the apse often functioned as an enlarged niche to hold the statue of a deity in a temple.
What constitutes a pilgrimage type church?
What features must a church possess to be considered a “pilgrimage type” church? -increased the length of the nave and doubled the side aisles. – They added transept, ambulatory, and radiating chapels in order to accommodate the pilgrims. … -Absorbed the presence of the naves barrel vault.
Which is the central supporting post in a Romanesque church portal?
Romanesque churches often have sculptural decoration in the tympanum (the space between the round arch and the lintel over a doorway), on the door jambs (on each side of the door), and on the trumeau (the center post supporting the lintel in the middle of a doorway).
What are the three driving forces behind Romanesque culture?
What are the three driving forces behind Romanesque culture? monasteries, pilgrimages, and crusades.
What was the most common theme in Romanesque tympanum carvings?
Most Romanesque sculpture is pictorial and biblical in subject. A great variety of themes are found on building capitals , including scenes of Creation and the Fall of Man, the life of Christ, and the Old Testament.
What is medieval tympanum?
tympanum : (plural, tympana): The basically semicircular area enclosed by the arch above the lintel of an arched entranceway. This area is often decorated with sculpture in the Romanesque and Gothic periods.
Is tympanum decorated with mosaics?
The usual subjects are biblical and symbolic, often arranged in horizontal tiers with numerous figures to illustrate a complete legend. Over the central doorway of Notre-Dame de Paris is a depiction of the Last Judgment. In Italy tympana were sometimes decorated with mosaic or fresco.
Which architectural feature was used in Romanesque churches?
Romanesque churches characteristically incorporated semicircular arches for windows, doors, and arcades; barrel or groin vaults to support the roof of the nave; massive piers and walls, with few windows, to contain the outward thrust of the vaults; side aisles with galleries above them; a large tower over the crossing …
What is the container called that holds the host?
In medieval Latin, and in English, “Ciborium” more commonly refers to a covered container used in Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran and related churches to store the consecrated hosts of the sacrament of Holy Communion.
What is the table at the front of a church called?
Communion table or Lord’s table are terms used by many Protestant churches—particularly from Reformed, Baptist and low church Anglican and Methodist bodies—for the table used for preparation of Holy Communion (a sacrament also called the Eucharist).
What is the container that holds holy water called?
A holy water font or stoup is a vessel containing holy water which is generally placed near the entrance of a church. It is often placed at the base of a crucifix or religious representation.